Cosmopolitanism and European Identity - An analysis of the establishment of a European identity in order to widen the base of the ideology of cosmopolitanism among European citizens
Diesen, S.L.M. van
MetadataShow full item record
Cosmopolitanism as well as identity have become increasingly important concepts in today’s social sciences. With regard to Europe, these concepts have even gained wider resonance, since more and more political and economic problems need to be dealt with on a globalized level. Trying to combine these two concepts has proven to be particularly difficult; however an attempt will be made in this thesis. It will focus on the question to what extent a European identity can serve as a stepping stone towards the ideology of cosmopolitanism. The concepts of cosmopolitanism and identity will be the theoretical framework of this study. Through a comparative literature study as well as through several surveys, the establishment of a strong European identity will be researched. This study will show that a European identity based on the way in which a national identity is established, cannot be seen as a solution for the problematic relationship between cosmopolitanism and identity. Mostly, this is due to the fact that the relationship with the Other in this way is intensified. Therefore, the current EU policy towards establishing this European identity will not be useful. It can furthermore be concluded that the creation of a strong European identity might also prove to be difficult, at this moment even impossible. This thesis, however, does show that the concepts of cosmopolitanism, identity and Europe should try to come closer to each other, because a European identity is of vital importance. The areas in which they could be reformed will be discussed in this thesis as well.