Negatieve en positieve relatie met ouders als predictoren van slachtofferschap van pesten thuis en op school
Bovenkamp, H.M. van de
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Classrooms and schoolyards are most likely the places where bullying occurs. Sibling bullying has been vastly overlooked but is also very common. In comparison to the study of peer aggression, sibling aggression has received less research attention. Literature shows that there is a relationship between the positive/negative quality of the relationship with parents and children becoming a victim of bullying. Being victimized is positively associated with internalizing symptoms. This study focuses on the affective relationship between father-child and mother-child and the possible outcome of becoming bullied at school or at home. To gain more information about this subject the data of 392 children (184 boys, 108 girls) were used in this study. The participants have been classified into 2 groups, victims of bullying at home (N=27, 332 non victims) and victims of bullying at school (N=20, 367 non victims). The participants filled out an survey about the relationship with their siblings, peers and parents. Logistic regressions were used to study whether the kind of relationship (positive father/mother, negative father/mother) influence the chance of getting bullied at home or at school. Results state that the negative relationship with mother is a significant predictor of victimization of bullying at school. Also, the positive relationship with father is a significant predictor of victimization of bullying at home. It means, the chance being bullied becomes smaller when the relationship with father is positive. Further research on bullying and the quality of the relationship between parent-child is recommended because current empirical evidence is limited. Parenting behaviour, like harsh parenting, can have a negative impact on children.Therefore, research can create insight and raise parental awareness.