“De Leeuw, die uit zijn banden schiet, Gedoogt den basterd Ad’laar niet” Representation and Perception of Napoleon Bonaparte in Dutch Pamphlets published in 1814, 1815 and 1821
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This thesis aims to establish how Napoleon was represented and perceived in Dutch poems published in the early nineteenth century. Several poems were subjected to close reading. A thorough analysis of the sources demonstrates that the representations of Napoleon put forward in 1814, 1815, 1821 was largely negative and made use of a variety of images. The Dutch perception of Napoleon was, in fact, much less positive than that of the French and British in the same period.