‘Schaam jij je niet?’ De ontwikkeling van de brede identiteit in de midden kindertijd
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This study focused on the development of extended identity in middle childhood involving Dutch children aged 6, 7, and 8/9 years. The children where individually interviewed about a hypothetical situation. Three components of the extended identity were measured. We investigated age and gender differences in the development of extended identity. It was expected that the older children showed a more developed extended identity than the younger children and that girls showed more marks of extended identity than boys. In the first part of the study, children were presented with a hypothetical scenario in which they imagined other classmates made a mistake during a class act in public. The results showed age differences on two of the six considered questions: older children showed a more developed extended identity. No gender differences were found. In the second part, the hypothetical situation concerned a small group. The child had to make a task with two other children, of whom one child made a mistake which resulted in a negative outcome. Age differences were found, but they contradicted each other. No gender differences were found.