Individual, social and structural factors underlying compliance to COVID-19 related self-isolation
Kriens, Willem Kriens
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In order to mitigate the current COVID-19 pandemic many countries including the Netherlands have put measures in place to curb the virus. Many of these measures however are mandatory but left unchecked, leaving it up to people to decide whether or not to comply to these measures. One of these measures is COVID-19 related self-isolation. When a person has contracted covid, they are supposed to stay at home. In the current study factors are discussed which influence compliance to such a measure. Using different levels of influence (individual, social and structural) and the theoretical domains framework a set of factors was found to possibly explain compliance behavior. Individual factors included in the model were gender(women comply more than men), age(The older the more compliant, up until 60+ when people become less compliant), educational level(The higher educated the more compliant), perceptions about health(The more negative perceptions, the more compliant) and worries about employment (The less worries the more compliant). Social factors were perceived social isolation (the more isolated the less compliant). Structural factors were beliefs about the current measures to mitigate the spread of covid (The more positive the more compliant). Using a logistical regression on the binary dependent variable did or did not break their COVID-19 related self-isolation compliance was predicted using the former variables. Results indicate age, gender, educational level and perceptions about health are significant predictors of compliance. Self-isolation was not. Beliefs about regulations and worries about employment had to be omitted due to concerns with the assumptions of a logistical regression. Gender, age and perceptions about health followed the hypothesized effect. Educational level did not. Explanations for this are given in the discussion, together with limitations, strengths and avenues for further research.