The importance of connection
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From a sociological standpoint, the objective of this thesis was to investigate how participation in courses and activities enhances the well-being and mental health of undocumented refugees through social bonds formed through participation. I argue that stable mental health and well-being is essential for the beginning of (successful) social integration. This study investigates concepts such as social isolation, social participation, social networks, and social capital to examine how they can improve one's well-being and aid in societal integration. Non-profit organisations such as PAO are critical in this area, not only because they directly assist them by providing them with opportunities to learn new skills and develop their personal development, but also because they indirectly assist them by providing a safe space where they can interact with others and form ties with locals and other organisations that may be of assistance to them in the future. As a result, the indirect support is the primary focus of this study; two qualitative methodologies are used in addition to theoretical applications: participant observation and 15 semi-structured interviews. It is clear that making new bonding and bridging ties and increasing one's social network is not only necessary but critical for one's well-being, especially for this group of people who had none of the mentioned ties upon arriving in a new country.