Coping with schoolwork pressure in adolescents
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In this study on coping with schoolwork pressure, secondary qualitative data (interviews, panel data and dairies) of 43 adolescents aged 9 to 18 years was used to investigate factors and characteristics associated with adolescents' abilities to cope with schoolwork pressure. Most participants indicated that they experienced some kind of schoolwork pressure. Individual factors like resilience, optimism, self-efficacy, confidence, but also social support from family and friends, leisure activities and helpful teachers appear to be facilitating factors in coping with schoolwork pressure. Low levels of self-efficacy, optimism, resilience and self-esteem, using no coping method, peer and/or family stressors, no/little social support from family and friends and no or limited involvement in leisure activities appear to be barriers in coping with schoolwork pressure. Within this study, there does not seem to be much difference in age, gender and educational level when it comes to the degree of perceived schoolwork pressure, but there appear to be differences in how participants cope with schoolwork pressure. There are several barriers and facilitators that emerge with regard to schoolwork pressure. Further research is needed to investigate the relative importance and the mechanisms of these factors in relation to schoolwork pressure.