The future of shared micro-mobility: The role of shared micro-mobility in urban transport visions for Berlin
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Shared micro-mobility - the short-term rent of micro-mobility vehicles such as bicycles and (e-)scooters - is suggested as a mobility (sub) system that could have the potential to change the current transport system based on cars. It quickly emerges in many urban areas such as Berlin. Research shows ambiguous results on the sustainability and desirability of the current use of these sharing systems. To decide whether and how shared micro-mobility should play a role in the urban transport future, it is important to first know what this role could be, which can be done by exploring the existing visions on the urban transport future of the actors involved. The main research question of this thesis reads: ‘How does shared micro-mobility play a role in visions of the urban transport future in Berlin?’. To identify these visions, interviews were conducted, supported by a document research. The results show three distinct visions, however with many similarities. These are: 1) a green, low-carbon and liveable city with a large role for innovation, and a stimulating role for shared micro-mobility, 2) a green, low-carbon and liveable city, with a focus on behavioural change, and a stimulating role for shared micro-mobility and 3) a green, low-carbon and liveable city, with a focus on behavioural change, and a niche role for shared micro-mobility. The biggest difference is seen in the routes used to achieve the visions, where one groups focusses on innovation and the other on changing behaviour. Furthermore, shared micro-mobility either plays a stimulating role, where it supports low-carbon transport in the city, since it is an addition to other modes of transport when needed, or a niche role, were only a select group uses the shared micro-mobility offerings, with limited shared bikes available and even less to none e-scooters. In all visions, several suggestions for shared micro-mobility were made. Most important were: including the suburbs in the shared micro-mobility schemes, using shared micro-mobility to create a better ecosystem for transport in the city and creating docking stations for the vehicles. Also, all visions state more involvement from the government as important. They should regulate the current negative externalities of shared micro-mobility with regulations and they should adopt a supporting role for the aforementioned new implementations. To conclude, shared micro-mobility is envisioned to support change towards a green, liveable, low-carbon city, with less cars and easily accessible intermodal traveling, if conducted the right way.