The Role that Organisational Identification plays in relation to Work Performance in the Maltese Workforce
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The aim of the current study is to gain more understanding about factors related to the work identity of the individual within the Maltese cultural context. For this purpose, the role that Organisational Identification (OI) plays in relation to Work Performance, with the possible interaction of Work Engagement, and the Relatedness need satisfaction, within the Maltese workforce is being investigated. The Motivational Process of the revised JD-R Model, and the Self-Determination Theory are used as theoretical framework. Mediation analysis is used to analyse the data of a sample of 198 participants from the Maltese working population. The results show a positive relationship between OI and work performance through the full mediation effect of work engagement. The satisfaction of the need for relatedness positively predicts OI, work performance, and work engagement respectively. Furthermore, the results show a partial mediating effect of organisational identification on the relationships between relatedness need satisfaction and work performance, and relatedness needs satisfaction and work engagement. These findings indicate that within the Maltese workforce, employees are driven to perform both through the fit between the values and goals of the organisation, and their personal values and aspirations, as well as a workplace that makes them feel as part of a community, in which they are able to build meaningful social connections with their fellow employees, and their employers.