Violent negative attitudes towards immigrants: an integration of micro-meso-macro perspectives The South African Case
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This interdisciplinary research is about the adversarial relationship between migrants and locals in South Africa. The disciplines, Development Geography, Governance for Sustainable Development, and Cognitive & Neurobiological Psychology, each provide different insights about sub-topics based on an extensive literature review. Subsequently, these insights are integrated, using techniques developed by Repko & Szostak (2017). The aim of this research is to provide insights into the nature, and causes of the adversarial relationship between these groups. These insights will contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of the research problem, which may ultimately serve as a tool for the improvement of associated policies. The overarching research question is as follows: What is the influence of socio-economic inequality on the adversarial relation between migrants and locals in South Africa? Socio-economic inequality is maintained by discrimination on a macro-level as a consequence of several policy-practice gaps. In addition, resource scarcities and the inflow of international migrants strengthen -the feeling of- competition within the low socio-economic class in South Africa. Resulting from these types of competition, negative attitudes towards migrants are formed, leading to discrimination on a micro- level. Ultimately, these processes reinforce the adversarial relationship between migrants and locals.