Balancing Memories: The ethics of memory and the problem of the different narratives about the past
Ritschard Otálora, S.A.
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In the field of memory studies, a common trait of collective memory has been the confrontation of the different interpretation of the past. Such confrontation has been described as struggles between different groups whose identity is strongly related to such interpretation of the past. Such circumstances generate strong debates, especially in societies going through political transitions. In such cases, the different versions of the past can have strong consequences in the definition of the truth, the victims and justice during this post-conflict periods. In the field of the ethics of memory, the main research questions have been strongly related to asking what should be remembered. At its core, the ethics of memory have used the figure of the victim as the main source of their normative claims. But in many occasions, the figure of the victims has been used for political goals, sometimes even excluding the victims of the construction of collective memory. For this reason, is important to explore the possibility of an ethics of memory that is capable to give an answer to the problem that different versions of the past can generate. In order to accomplish this, this thesis will compare different perspectives in the field of the ethics of memory and the idea of the balance of stories proposed by the Nigeria novelist Chinua Achebe in order to give a possible answer to the problem of the that the struggles of memory give to the ethics of memory.