Resource controllers en de mate waarin zij verschillen in sociale vaardigheden
Berg, F.M.C. van den
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According to the Resource Control Theory (RCT) dominance (in terms of resource control) can be gained through two different strategies: prosocial and coercive strategies. Based on the use of these two strategies, five resource control types can be differentiated: prosocial controllers, coercive controllers, bistrategics, noncontrollers and typicals. Research has shown that bistrategics are the most dominant. They are assumed to have social skills, but that has not been investigated yet. The goal of this study was to see if bistrategics have the most social skills (in terms of prosocial skills and social manipulation). In the present study 619 11- to 14-year-old adolescents participated (53% boys) who where in the first grade of secondary school. The adolescents were classified in the resource control types by peer ratings. The results showed that bistrategics score high on resource control, although they did not score higher than coercive controllers. Neither did the bistrategics score higher on social skills than the other resource control types. However, coercive controllers did show a higher use of social manipulation than bistrategics. It seems likely to assume that gaining dominance is influenced by more than social skills and that there are more ways to measure dominance. Implications for further research are discussed.