Facilitating Participatory Development: Tools and Typologies
Sleen, T.O. van der
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The aim of this research is to analyse participatory efforts in Bluefields, Nicaragua and to put forward a toolkit that will facilitate genuine participation. In doing so, this research outlines the important concepts, types, and pitfalls of participatory development. A case study of blueEnergy Nicaragua serves to investigate the use of participatory efforts in the field. On the basis of this case study, a toolkit is drafted that provides a number of tools that help facilitate participatory development. The toolkit is divided in seven categories:  Participant Observation,  Mapping,  Diagrams,  Matrix and Ranking,  Calendar and Timeline,  Stakeholder and Benefit Analysis, and  Games. Moreover, the research strongly advocates the ranking of participation through different typologies, and critical self-reflection as corner stones of participatory development.