De Relatie Tussen Gendersocialisatie Door Ouders en Seksisme bij Jongvolwassenen
Hulst, B. van
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Abstract Background: Hostile sexism and benevolent sexism are both related to gender inequality. This study was set up to examine if there is a relationship between the gender socialization received by parents and the development of sexism in Dutch young adults (N = 390, M = 21.6, SD = 2.19, 42.6% males), and whether this association is moderated by gender. Method: Data in this study is collected using an online survey named Love&Friends-4-Life. The survey measured sexism using the Gender Socialization Scale and the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to examine the possible relations between these variables. Results: First, the results suggested that a higher level of traditional gender socialization was related to a higher level of both hostile- and benevolent sexism. Second, the results suggested that a higher level of egalitarian gender socialization was related to a higher level of hostile sexism. Third, the results showed no relationship between egalitarian gender socialization and benevolent sexism. Finally, the results showed that none of the associations between traditional- or egalitarian gender socialization and hostile- or benevolent sexism were moderated by gender. Conclusion: The results found for traditional gender socialization were in agreement with the results from earlier research in children and adolescents. The results found for egalitarian gender socialization were inconsistent with the results from earlier research.