Tracing Transformations - The development of Germany's Strategic Culture during the last two decades
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Studies on the development of Germany’s strategic culture have decreased in number over the last two decades despite the significant strategic decisions taken by German governments. This thesis seeks to fill this gap. For two strategically important cases – NATO Operation Allied Force in Kosovo in 1999 and NATO Operation Unified Protector in Libya in 2011 – the main legitimizations presented by key decision-makers are analyzed. Thereby, the dominant components of Germany’s strategic culture are identified and assessed for change. It is concluded that significant transformations have occurred. The strategic culture developed from one based on normative convictions and hesitation to one embracing a leading role in international relations and has now come to be dominated by national interests. The identification of these changes points to the dynamic nature of strategic culture.