The need for job crafting in a changing work environment
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The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationships between regulatory focus, job crafting (i.e., increasing structural and social job resources, increasing challenging job demands and decreasing hindering job demands) and work outcomes work engagement and perceived employability. Questionnaires were collected among 383 registered candidates from a consultation bureau that operates within the branches pharmacy, medical devices, food and healthcare. It appeared that promotion focus led to an increase of structural and social job resources and challenging job demands, while prevention focus led to a decrease of hindering job demands. Furthermore, it also appeared that job crafting had a positive effect on work engagement and perceived employability, but also a negative effect on work engagement through the decrease of hindering job demands. The results showed that job crafting acted as a mediating factor in the relationship between promotion focus and work outcomes. The current study shows the negative and positive effects of job crafting, and points to the significance for managers to stimulate and inform employees about job crafting, while taking individuals’ foci into account.