Survey of the complications occurring after castration of stallions using the half-closed method and the inguinal approach.
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This study was set to find out if there is a difference in the occurrence of complications with the two castration methods used in the Utrecht University Equine clinic. Another question that we wanted to answer was to find out if age was of any influence on the occurrence of a complication. The methods used are the half-closed method and castration using the inguinal approach. The stallions were separated according to their age and the method of the castration used. The data were gathered out of the patient records of the clinic and the owners were called to find out whether or not the horse had any complications after it came home. To analyse the data, the statistics programme SPSS and the Chi-squared test were used. When only the method of castration was taken into account we found no difference in the occurrence of a complication. However a difference was found between the two age groups and the methods used. The older stallions were more prone to develop a complication than were the younger stallions. A difference in the use of method was found in the younger age group. There the inguinal approach had fewer complications than the half-closed one. This would mean that castration using the inguinal approach causes fewer complications. That this difference was not found in the older stallions findings might be because the older stallions might be more prone to develop a complication regardless of method.