Personality, coping, and PTSD severity among Dutch veterans: a mediation analysis
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Abstract: This study examines how personality and coping influence PTSD severity among 182 Dutch veterans. Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Conscientiousness were associated with different coping strategies, and these were in turn associated with PTSD severity. As expected, Neuroticism predicted higher PTSD severity and Extraversion predicted lower PTSD severity. Conscientiousness was not significantly related to PTSD severity. Passive coping predicted higher PTSD severity, Active coping and Seeking social support were not associated with PTSD severity. It was found that the relationship between Neuroticism and PTSD severity is mediated by Passive coping. This study is the first to examine such a mediation effect and discusses implications for future research and practical implementations.