De relatie tussen functionele urine-incontinentie overdag en internaliserende gedragsproblemen bij kinderen op de basisschool en hoe deze verschillen tussen jongens en meisjes.
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Background: Urinary incontinence problems are common with primary school children. Children with incontinence problems can develop many additional complaints, such as internalizing behavior problems (anxiety and depression). This study investigated a relationship between the degree of incontinence and internalizing behavioral problems in children. In addition, it was also investigated whether the relationship is different for boys and girls. Methods: 46 children between the ages of 6 and 13 with functional urinary incontinence participated in this study. All children have been diagnosed in the in the Wilhelmina Children’s Hospital on the Urotherapy department. Parents filled in the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) subscale: ‘Anxiety/Depressed’ and ‘Withdrawn/Depressed’ during registration. In addition, parents completed a micturition anamnesis to chart the degree of incontinence. Results: The results showed that no correlation was found between the degree of incontinence and internalizing behavioral problems in primary school children. This study also suggested that no evidence has been found that gender difference moderates this relationship. Conclusion: In conclusion, it can be said that no link has been found between the degree of incontinence and the severity of internalizing behaviour problems with the children in primary school and that no moderation effect of sex has been found on this link. Finally, longitudinal research is needed to gain more insight into the relationship between the degree of incontinence and internalizing and behavioral problems.