A Multilevel study on the Contagion of Job Crafting between Coworkers and the Relationship between Job Crafting and Adaptivity.
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This study of 55 dyads of coworkers working within the same unit examined the contagion of job crafting which, framed within the Job-Demands Resources Model, consists of three distinct behaviors: seeking challenges, seeking resources and reducing demands. We hypothesized that seeking resources, seeking challenges and reducing demands are transferred from one employee (partner) to the other (actor) on a daily basis. Moreover, job crafting was expected to positively relate to the coworkers’ daily adaptation to changes. Daily adaptation to changes was measured both by self-report and peer-report. Participants completed a general questionnaire and a daily survey over three workdays. The hypotheses regarding the contagion of job crafting were tested with multilevel analyses, using an actor-partner interdependence model. Results partly confirmed the contagion of job crafting for the dimension of seeking challenges. Moreover, day-level seeking resources and day-level seeking challenges were positively related to day-level team member adaptivity self-rated and day-level seeking resources was positively related to day-level team member adaptivity other-rated. These results imply that stimulating job crafting within organizations is valuable, because it spreads around and aids in the coworkers’ adaptivity to changes within their unit.