|Purpose: Previous research has shown that personality
traits are predictors of recovery for patients with
Anorexia Nervosa. However, some of this research has
been limited and results so far were not consistent.
Moreover, most studies have defined recovery based on
bodily measures, with no mention of psychological
measures. Since diagnostic criteria for AN include both
bodily and psychological factors, in the current study
both were used to define recovery, in order to examine
the relationship between several specific personality
traits and recovery of AN. Method: In this 5-year
prospective follow-up study sixty-one female AN patients
were included. The prognostic power of the personality
traits were measured by the Eating Disorder Inventory
and the Temperament and Characteristic Questionnaire.
Recovery at follow-up was measured by BMI,
menstruation and the Body Attitude Test. Based on both
these bodily and psychological factors, three categories
of outcome were defined: no recovery, partial recovery
and full recovery from AN. Results: High cooperativeness
appeared to be of marginal prognostic power for recovery
of AN. Furthermore, low persistence had a significant
positive influence on recovery and low fear of maturity
contributed significantly to partial recovery. Low harm
avoidance had a marginal positive effect on recovery.
Conclusion: This study supported previous research that personality traits contribute to recovery of AN. It is
important to extend this research, because treatment for
AN patients can be improved by incorporating those
characteristics that are important to establish recovery.
|Voorspellers van herstel: De relatie tussen
persoonlijkheidskenmerken en herstel van Anorexia
|Anorexia Nervosa, recovery, personality, follow-up, VTCI,
|Klinische en Gezondheidspsychologie