Head Up! Effecten van een preventieve cursus voor adolescenten (13-17 jaar) met depressieve klachten
Linden, D. van der
MetadataShow full item record
Objectives This study evaluates the effects of the group course Head Up, which was developed for adolescents (13-17 years) with elevated levels of depressive symptoms. Effects on the level of depressive symptoms were examined. Using a quasi-experimental pre- to post-test design, 12 adolescents received the group course and 16 adolescents were in the comparison group. Secondly, this study explored the stability of depressive symptoms in a normative sample of 153 adolescents (13-16 years). Results There was a great decrease in level of depressive symptoms from pre- to post-test for the course group (p < .01) as well as for the comparison group (p < .01) but there were no significant differences between the course group and comparison group in the level of decrease of depressive symptoms (p < .07). In the normative sample there was also an overall decrease in level of depressive symptoms (p < .001) and there was a moderate stability (κ = .49, p < .01) of ‘having elevated levels of depressive symptoms or not’ over a period of 8-12 weeks. Conclusion Although there were no significant differences between the course group and the comparison group in level of decrease of depressive symptoms, there is a trend in favor of the course group. Future research in the effects of Head Up with a bigger and randomized course- and control group is recommended. Furthermore, this study found a strong overall decrease in level of depressive symptoms and a strong relative stability of depressive symptoms in a normative sample of adolescents, measured with the BDI-II. It is unclear what caused the strong overall decrease in depressive symptoms; future research should investigate if the same decrease is shown when using other measurements of depression.