Depressie, suïcide-ideatie en suïcidepogingen bij jongeren met overgewicht
Jong, Elske de
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Abstract: Background/Aim: Depression and obesity are both called by the Dutch government as javelin points. The government want more people to receive preventive aid in the field of depression and to decrease or stabilise the percentage of overweight in youth. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the difference in depression and related problems between non-obese adolescents and overweight or obese adolescents. Methods: Respondents were originating from two epidemiologic researches (E-MOVO). The first study took place in 2003, and contained 35.056 adolescents. The second study took place in 2007, and contained 42.142 adolescents. Outcome measures used in this study were depression, emotional problems, problems with peers, suicide ideation and attempts. These variables were analysed with different tests, (M)ANOVAs, t-Tests, a logistic regression, a Kruskal-Wallis test and Chi-square tests. Results: Boys and girls who are overweight and especially who are obese show more problems than the comparison group. They have more depression, emotional problems, problems with peers, suicide ideation and suicide attempts. Discussion: Developers of preventive interventions for overweight in youth should keep these results and results of other research in mind. Not only are overweight and obese adolescent vulnerable for psychosocial problems, maybe it is worthwhile to investigate if less depression in overweight and obese adolescents will lead to less overweight and obesity in adulthood.