The recovery of language production in the acute phase of aphasics, on the micro and macro level of discourse
Hemert, Annika van
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The topic of this thesis is the recovery of discourse production, looking at aphasics in the acute phase of recovery. Within discourse production the micro and macro linguistic levels of discourse will be compared. From literature on the recovery of discourse in the chronic phase of aphasia it appears that the macro level is easier to produce for aphasic people, since this level is based on general world knowledge and the micro level is harder since it is based on linguistic knowledge. The comparison of the recovery is done on basis of discourse analysis, some instruments that are used are; CIUs, the number of phonemic and semantic paraphasias and also the percentage correct pronouns and sentences. Afterwards (descriptive) statistics is applied. The outcome of this research is that there is more significant recovery on the macro level of discourse than on the micro linguistic level of discourse, in the acute phase of recovery. So, aphasics do have trouble on the macro level of discourse in the acute phase of recovery. These difficulties may have gone unnoticed in research in the chronic phase of aphasia, due to recovery in the acute phase after stroke. There is no clear line in the outcomes on the micro linguistic level.