O Português como língua franca: o caso de Moçambique
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The discoveries made by the Portuguese Empire led to the expansion of the Portuguese language. To communicate with the merchants and the natives, the Portuguese language was used as a contact language, a lingua franca. The main objective of this study is to analyze Portuguese as a lingua franca and its position today, namely in Mozambique. The Portuguese colonies lived for centuries under the rule of Portugal, it makes sense that the Portuguese language continues to be spoken there. Portuguese is spoken on four continents and Africa is one of them. Five African countries have Portuguese as an official language. In some of these countries different dialects are spoken, for instance in Mozambique. To communicate with each other Mozambique uses Portuguese as a lingua franca. This paper analyzes, among others, the post-colonial period in which Mozambique gained independence and how the Portuguese language has progressed since that time. One of the reasons for Mozambique to adopt portuguese as an official language was to equalize the differences between the dialect languages and to form a unity. The paper also shows how the Mozambicans make use of the Portuguese language. The Mozambicans speak a variant of Portuguese, a "Portuguese of Mozambique," which is influenced by the various dialects that are spoken in Mozambique. The Portuguese language used in the Mozambican literature is also different. This research takes a look at how the Mozambican authors use the Portuguese language in their writings and presents their thoughts about the language. To create a literature of Mozambique, the authors decided to add African elements into their writings, resulting into a new language. Today, Portuguese is still a major international language; millions of people worldwide speak the language. The Portuguese language is still used as a lingua franca in Africa, but also among other Portuguese-speaking countries. After Mozambique gained independence, there were few people who could speak Portuguese, but today the number of Portuguese speakers in Mozambique is very high and is increasing as a communication language.